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17 avril 2008 4 17 /04 /avril /2008 23:56


Pesticides dans le vin [news] RTBF 26 03 08

http://vitibio.net


Exemple de la Suisse

Les vins contiennent-ils des pesticides ?

D’après une étude de grande envergure du Service de Protection de la Consommation de l’Etat de Genève, 250 vins d’origine suisse et étrangère ont été prélevés et analysés. Cette étude avait pour objectif de rechercher les résidus de pesticides dans les vins issus de l’agriculture conventionnelle et biologique.


La viticulture moderne utilise les pesticides de manière importante pour protéger les vignes contre les insectes ravageurs et les maladies fongiques et certains vont se retrouver dans le vin. Ces résidus ont donc été recherchés dans 176 vins des régions suisses et d’importation. Et, 95 % d’entre eux contenaient des pesticides !


Les vins suisses sont globalement plus contaminés, car le climat est plus propice aux développements de maladies fongiques que celui des pays du sud. Malgré des teneurs parfois importantes, tous les échantillons répondent aux exigences légales. Les vins provenant de régions plus chaudes et sèches (Californie, Australie, Afrique du sud) en contiennent moins. En Europe, les parasites ont acquis une résistance face à ces substances d’où la nécessité d’employer des mélanges de pesticides afin de garantir une efficacité suffisante. C’est pourquoi, la grande majorité des vins contiennent entre 3 et 7 pesticides différents.


Le service a analysé 70 vins bio, essentiellement d’origine suisse (52), surtout genevoise, et le reste d’importation (18), majoritairement français. Les résultats sont dans l’ensemble très positifs, puisque à priori aucun vigneron bio n’a utilisé de pesticides de manière illicite, car les teneurs mesurées sont bien inférieures à celles des vins classiques.


La moitié des vins bio (33) ne contiennent pas de pesticides et 29 n’en recèlent que de faibles traces, inférieures à 10mg/L. Quant aux 8 derniers, ils présentent des résidus compris entre 10 et 34 mg/L. Ces teneurs peuvent s’expliquer par des contaminations environnementales, à des distances insuffisantes entre les cultures bio et traditionnelles, ou encore à une mauvaise séparation des filières (emploi commun de matériel agricole etc.). Ces contaminations peuvent être probablement réduites et maîtrisées à la source dans l’exploitation.

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17 avril 2008 4 17 /04 /avril /2008 08:14
Politis, jeudi 12 avril 2007 



Source: galathealandlubbers

Fruits pourris

PAR Claude-Marie Vadrot

           

Non seulement les fraises importées d’Espagne n’ont aucun goût, mais elles représentent une catastrophe environnementale et sanitaire. Voici de quoi vous en dégoûter à tout jamais…


D'ici à la mi-juin, la France aura importé d'Espagne plus de 83 000 tonnes de fraises. Enfin, si on peut appeler «fraises» ces gros trucs rouges, encore verts près de la queue car cueillis avant d'être mûrs, et ressemblant à des tomates. Avec d'ailleurs à peu près le goût des tomates...


Si le seul problème posé par ces fruits était leur fadeur, après tout, seuls les consommateurs piégés pourraient se plaindre d'avoir acheté un produit qui se brade actuellement entre deux et trois euros le kilo sur les marchés et dans les grandes surfaces, après avoir parcouru 1 500 km en camion. À dix tonnes en moyenne par véhicule, ils sont 16 000 par an à faire un parcours valant son pesant de fraises en CO2 et autres gaz d'échappement.


Car la quasi-totalité de ces fruits poussent dans le sud de l'Andalousie, sur les limites du parc national de Doñana, près du delta du Guadalquivir, l'une des plus fabuleuses réserves d'oiseaux migrateurs et nicheurs d'Europe.


Il aura fallu qu'une équipe d'enquêteurs du WWF-France s'intéresse à la marée montante de cette fraise hors saison pour que  soit révélée l'aberration écologique de cette production qui étouffe la fraise française (dont une partie, d'ailleurs, ne pousse pas dans de meilleures conditions écologiques). Ce qu'ont découvert les envoyés spéciaux du WWF, et que confirment les écologistes espagnols, illustre la mondialisation bon marché.


Cette agriculture couvre près de six mille hectares, dont une bonne centaine empiètent déjà en toute illégalité (tolérée) sur le parc national. Officiellement, 60% de ces cultures seulement sont autorisées; les autres sont des extensions «sauvages» sur lesquelles le pouvoir régional ferme les yeux en dépit des protestations des écologistes.


Les fraisiers destinés à cette production, bien qu'il s'agisse d'une plante vivace productive plusieurs années, sont détruits chaque année.


Pour donner des fraises hors saison, les plants produits in  vitro sont placés en plein été dans des frigos qui simulent l'hiver, pour avancer leur production. À l'automne, la terre sableuse est nettoyée et stérilisée, et la microfaune détruite avec du bromure de méthyl et  de la chloropicrine. Le premier est un poison violent interdit par le protocole de Montréal sur les gaz attaquant la couche d'ozone, signé en 1987 (dernier délai en 2005); le second, composé de chlore et d'ammoniaque, est aussi un poison dangereux: il bloque les alvéoles pulmonaires.

 


Qui s'en soucie? La plupart des producteurs de fraises andalouses emploient une main-d'oeuvre marocaine, des saisonniers ou des sans-papiers sous-payés et logés dans des conditions précaires, qui se réchauffent le soir en brûlant les résidus des serres en plastique recouvrant les fraisiers au coeur de l'hiver.





... Un écologiste de la région raconte l'explosion de maladies pulmonaires et d'affections de la peau.


Les plants poussent sur un plastique noir et reçoivent une irrigation qui transporte des engrais, des pesticides et des fongicides. Les cultures sont alimentées en eau par des forages dont la moitié ont été installés de façon illégale. Ce qui transforme en savane sèche une partie de cette région d'Andalousie, entraîne l'exode des oiseaux migrateurs et la disparition des derniers lynx pardel, petits carnivores dont il ne reste plus qu'une trentaine dans la région, leur seule nourriture, les lapins, étant en voie de disparition. Comme la forêt, dont 2 000 hectares ont été rasés pour faire place aux fraisiers.


La saison est terminée au début du mois de juin. Les cinq mille tonnes de plastique sont soit emportées par le vent, soit enfouies n'importe où, soit brûlées sur place.


... Et les ouvriers agricoles  sont priés de retourner chez eux ou de s'exiler ailleurs en Espagne. Remarquez: ils ont le droit de se faire soigner à leurs frais au cas ou les produits nocifs qu'ils ont respiré...


La production et l'exportation de la fraise espagnole, l'essentiel étant vendu dès avant la fin de l'hiver et jusqu'en avril, représente ce qu'il y a de moins durable comme agriculture, et bouleverse ce qui demeure dans l'esprit du public comme notion de saison. Quand la région sera ravagée et la production trop onéreuse, elle sera transférée au Maroc, où les industriels espagnols de la fraise commencent à s'installer. Avant de venir de Chine, d'où sont déjà importées des pommes  encore plus traitées que les pommes françaises...


Extraits d’un article de Politis (jeudi 12 avril 2007)

NB: Le Titre est d'IN


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16 avril 2008 3 16 /04 /avril /2008 22:10
Chaque jour à Vienne, la quantité de pain inutilisée, et vouée à la destruction, pourrait nourrir la seconde plus grande ville d'Autriche, Graz... Environ 350 000 hectares de terres agricoles, essentiellement en Amérique latine, sont employés à la culture du soja destiné à la nourriture du cheptel des pays européens alors que près d'un quart de la population de ces pays souffre de malnutrition chronique...

We Feed the World – Le marché de la faim
envoyé par editionsmontparnasse

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14 avril 2008 1 14 /04 /avril /2008 23:15
The other global crisis:

Rush to biofuels
is driving up
price of food

By Paul Vallely


 
A demonstrator eats grass in front of a U.N. Brazilian peacekeeping soldier during a protest against the high cost of living in Port-au-Prince, Tuesday, April 8, 2008

Source: Biston.com



The world's most powerful finance ministers and central bankers are meeting in Washington tomorrow; but as they preoccupy themselves with the global credit crunch, another crisis, far more grave, is facing the world's poorest people.

 

A dramatic rise in the worldwide cost of food is provoking riots throughout the Third World where millions more of the world's most vulnerable people are facing starvation as food shortages grow and cereal prices soar. It threatens to become the biggest crisis of the 21st century.


This week crowds of hungry demonstrators in Haiti stormed the presidential palace in the capital, Port-au-Prince, in protests over food prices. And a crisis gripped the Philippines as massive queues formed to buy rice from government stocks.


There have been riots in Niger, Senegal, Cameroon and Burkina Faso and protests in Mauritania, Ivory Coast, Egypt and Morocco. Mexico has had "tortilla riots" and, in Yemen, children have marched to draw attention to their hunger.


The global price of wheat has risen by 130 per cent in the past year. Rice has rocketed by 74 per cent in the same period. It went up by more than 10 per cent in a single day last Friday – to an all-time high as African and Asian importers competed for the diminishing supply on international markets in an attempt to head off the mounting social unrest. The International Rice Research Institute warned yesterday that prices will keep going up.


The buffers stocks of staple foods that governments once held are being steadily exhausted.


Rising prices have triggered a food crisis in 36 countries, says the UN Food and Agriculture Organisation. The hike in prices means the World Food Programme is cutting food handout rations to some 73 million people in 78 countries. The threat of malnutrition on a massive scale is looming.


The impact is beginning to be felt in the rich world, too. More expensive wheat has caused large rises in the cost of pasta and bread in Italy where consumer groups staged a one-day strike that brought pasta consumption down 5 per cent. The price of miso, a fermented rice and barley mixture, is up in Japan. France and Australia have launched national inquiries into rising food prices and are pressing food producers and supermarkets to absorb price rises. In Britain, the price of bread is rising in line with the cost of wheat.


Governments have begun to negotiate secretive barter arrangements as the price of agricultural commodities leap to record highs. Ukraine and Libya are close to a deal on wheat. Egypt and Syria have signed a rice-for-wheat swap. The Philippines has just failed in a rice deal with Vietnam.


All across the world, cereals, meat, eggs and dairy products are becoming dearer. "Food prices are now rising at rates that few of us can ever have seen before in our lifetimes," said John Powell of the World Food Programme. Prices are likely to remain high for at least 10 years, the Food and Agriculture Organisation is projecting.


A complex interaction of factors has provoked the panic among dealers in international food markets.


Diets are changing radically in nations such as China, India, Brazil and Russia, where economic growth has boosted meat consumption. In China, it is up by 150 per cent since 1980. In India, it has risen by 40 per cent in the past 15 years. The demand for meat from across all developing countries has doubled since 1980.


Because cattle and chickens are fed on corn – it takes 8kg of grain to produce 1kg of beef – the price has risen.


The new market for biofuels has raised grain prices. Corn is being used to produce energy and the market is anticipating hugely increased production in the coming decade. George Bush wants 15 per cent of American cars to run on biofuels by 2017, which will mean trebling maize production. Europe has a set a transport fuels target of 5.75 per cent from biofuels by 2010. As a result, the price of corn has begun to track that of oil quite closely.


The soaring cost of oil, which last week topped $105 (£53) a barrel for the first time, has another impact. It increases the price of fertiliser, and also the costs of food processing and transport.


Climate change is taking its toll. Droughts and floods are affecting harvests.


Floods in central China this year displaced millions of people and devastated rice and corn crops. Overall China's grain harvest has fallen by 10 per cent over the past seven years. Last year, Australia experienced its worst drought for more than a century, causing the wheat harvest to fall by 60 per cent. The UK wheat harvest is expected to be 10 per cent down this year, partly because of the flooding.


Worldwide, an area of fertile soil the size of Ukraine is lost every year because of drought, deforestation and climate instability.


There is also increasing demand from a rising world population which is expected to grow from 6.2 billion today to 9.5 billion by 2050. The World Bank predicts global demand for food will double by 2030.


Government policies do not help: the rich world subsidises agriculture not to feed the world but to enrich its farmers.


There is an increasing recognition of the gravity of all of this among the leaders of the industrialised world. On Thursday, Gordon Brown called on the Japanese Prime Minister, Yasuo Fukuda, the current chairman of the G8, to devise an international plan to deal with rising food prices with the World Bank, the IMF and the UN.

 


There is increasing concern about the rush to biofuels. Britain's new chief scientist, Professor John Beddington, has said cutting down rainforest to produce biofuel crops was "profoundly stupid". It was, he said, "very hard to imagine how we can see a world growing enough crops to produce renewable energy and, at the same time, meet the enormous increase in the demand for food".



Source: www.foeeurope.org


Lennart Båge, the president of the UN's International Fund for Agricultural Development, suggested that those opposed to GM crops should take another look at the productivity gains they can unleash and bring changes as massive as the "green revolution" of the 1960s, when crop yields in India and other developing nations jumped because of of better seeds, fertilisers and improved irrigation.


That change brought down food prices, freeing millions from hunger. If world leaders cannot come up with something similar again, the food riots could spread across the globe.


 http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/politics/the-other-global-crisis-rush-to-biofuels-is-driving-up-price-of-food-808138.html

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13 avril 2008 7 13 /04 /avril /2008 09:08

Internationalnews


http://forum-tomates.net/images/uploads/Espiets/1172075514-03fecondation.JPG


Extrait du documentaire " Le silence des abeilles" de Doug Shultz ( USA 2007) diffusé sur la chaîne "National Geographic" sur le câble et canalsat rediffusion le 22 mars 2008 à 10h45 et le 22 avril 2008 à 19 h55

Dans une region de Chine ou, conséquence d'un usage intensif de pesticides, les abeilles ont disparues, des centaines d'ouvriers agricoles fécondent eux-mêmes les fleurs des poiriers...hallucinant !

Photo: http://forum-tomates.net

Url de cet article: http://www.internationalnews.fr/article-18603290.html

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6 avril 2008 7 06 /04 /avril /2008 16:57
Over the last 20 years Jeffrey Smith has worked with over 30 scientists to collect all of the known health risks of genetically modified foods. Studies have produced thousands of sick, sterile and dead laboratory animals; thousands of people linking toxic and allergic type reactions to these foods and damage to virtually every system in the laboratory animals studied. Despite this alarming evidence 70% of the foods in our supermarkets have genetically modified organisms in them.
From: antiagingmedicine
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4 avril 2008 5 04 /04 /avril /2008 16:00
WSWS



By Barry Mason

Reports from aid agencies show that many areas in Africa are currently facing drought and threat of famine. In East Africa some 11 million people are suffering a drought that is the worst in a decade and will mean that food aid is urgently needed over the next six months. The countries affected stretch from the Horn of Africa through to Malawi, Zambia and Mozambique.





Photo:
52.img.v4.skyrock.com


The January bulletin produced by the USAID Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS) warned of a pre-famine situation in the East African countries of Ethiopia, Djibouti, Kenya and Somalia affecting more than five million people. The report stated: “Numerous pre-famine indicators have been reported, including widespread livestock deaths, culling of young animals to protect breeding animals, distress migration, increased animal and human disease and high acute malnutrition rates...Conditions are likely to get worse in the coming months during the peak hunger season between January and March.”


The World Meteorological Organisation, a United Nations body based in Geneva, warned this week that the current drought will last until at least April. Some areas have experienced the driest month for 50 years. Last October to December the so-called short rains failed throughout much of the area, following the partial failure of the short rains in 2004 and the long rains of March to June last year.


In Kenya the UN World Food Programme and the government announced that the northern parts of the Rift Valley and Eastern provinces, the entire North Eastern Province and parts of the Coast are hit by drought. John Munyes, Kenya’s Minister of State responsible, said, “These areas depend on livestock production for income and food. Malnutrition rates among children are alarmingly high and the areas have already seen large numbers of livestock deaths.”


In northern Kenya, a severe drought has led to dried up waterholes and destruction of pastureland. In this region 70 percent of the total of a quarter of a million cattle have died. This has exacerbated tensions and conflicts between the different nomadic tribes that live in the area.


An Oxfam report explains that the drought in the Wajir region of northern Kenya has become so severe that even the camels are being affected. It explains normally a camel can go for three or four months without drinking water providing it can eat green pasture. Currently they have to be watered every week. Many families rely on their camels as a source of milk and meat. Camels can normally provide over six litres of milk each day but with the effects of the drought the milk is drying up.


According to the WFP “rates of global acute malnutrition among children under five have risen steeply and in the northeast of the country have risen to between 18 and 30 percent.” It added that malnutrition levels of more than 15 percent are classed as emergencies.


In Somalia some 1.7 million people are in need of food aid. Oxfam quoted a local elder: “The situation is as bad as I can remember. Some people are dying and children are drinking their own urine because there is simply no water for them to drink.” Families were surviving on one twentieth of the daily water supply recommended by minimum humanitarian standards, “equivalent to 830 ml, or three glasses, of water per person per day for drinking, cooking and washing,” and were walking huge distances in temperatures of 40 degrees C to get assistance.


The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) is providing aid to half a million people in southern Somalia despite the high risk involved. With no central government and 15 years of continuing conflict, the ICRC said that the severe drought had compounded an already dismal humanitarian situation. Somalia lacks basic health and education services and has “the highest number of weapon-wounded casualties in the whole of Africa,” according to the ICRC.


Drought has also hit the south eastern part of Ethiopia, where nearly two million people are affected. A recent study by Save the Children showed that at least one in five children in this region is malnourished.


The small country of Djibouti has also reported an emergency situation, with up to 150,000 people, mainly pastoralists, being forced to move into the capital Djiboutiville because of the drought.


East Africa is not the only part of the African continent currently facing food shortages. According to the WFP nearly 20 million people are undernourished in a number of countries in West Africa, including Chad, Ivory Coast, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Sierra Leone and Togo. Many of these countries have suffered the effects of drought and locust infestation and some have been affected by military conflict.


A WFP bulletin issued in January explained that the WFP was aiming to feed 10 million people in West Africa in 2006. It had issued an appeal for US$237 million but to date had only received US$18.4 million.


Niger hit the headlines last year when it was reported that pleas for international donations went unheeded for many months when the country was facing famine. The WFP reports that in Niger “crushing poverty and crippling debt continue to undermine the ability of rural families to fend for themselves.” It explained that US$22 million was urgently needed if the delivery of food to Niger was to continue.


Poverty is particularly serious in West Africa, with the lowest seven countries in the United Nations Development Programmes Human Development Index in this region. Around three million under fives suffer acute malnutrition and nine million suffer chronic malnutrition.


In spite of recent good rainfalls many parts of Southern Africa are still suffering the ongoing impact of four years of erratic weather. The WFP is supplying aid to over eight million people in Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Swaziland, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. Whilst weather is a factor the WFP cites chronic poverty, the lack of seeds and fertiliser, as well as the high rates of HIV/AIDS, as causing the huge problems of malnutrition in this region.


Food shortages have now become the norm in many parts of Africa, with one person in three undernourished. The situation is getting worse, with the number of undernourished people rising by 33 million between 1992 and 2002. According to UNICEF 38 percent of children under the age of five are stunted, and 28 percent are underweight. The WFP has to provide twice as much emergency food to Africa than a decade ago. James Morris, WFP Executive Director, comments that “These statistics do not augur well for Africa’s future—and they cannot be ignored, especially since the world has produced enough food for everyone on the planet for decades.”


Although the situation has been exacerbated by unfavourable weather conditions, there is a general consensus amongst aid agencies that the root cause is growing poverty. The impact of World Bank and International Monetary Fund measures has undermined the ability of governments to provide subsidies and emergency support for the subsistence agriculture that provides the majority of African people with their livelihood.


A report produced by the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) in December 2005 calculates that to halve the amount of child malnutrition by 2015—part of the UN’s Millennium Development Goals—through providing investment in rural road construction, education, clean water provision, agricultural research and irrigation, would cost an increase in aid from Western governments of $8 billion a year. Needless to say there is no chance that even this modest target—far less than the annual debt repayment from Africa to the Western banks—will be met.

http://www.wsws.org/articles/2006/feb2006/afri-f23_prn.shtml

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